The year 2018 is ending with the splendid success of Indian scientists and technologist in space and defence sector and many other, with a set if impressive missions. In 2018 many inventions are done by Indian scientist in many sectors like medical, agriculture, defence, and many others. So have a look at these amazing inventions of our scientist.
Gel that can protect farmers from toxic pesticides
Many farmers do not wear gloves and scarfs while spraying chemicals in the fields which often leads infection and some skin diseases. So the scientist at the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Banglore invented a gel Poly-Oxime. On applying the gel to the body it breaks down toxic chemicals into safe substances and preventing them from going deep into the skin and organs like the brain and lungs. The group of scientist also plans to invent a mask in future that can decativate pesticides.
Diagnostic Test for Tuberculosis
A team of scientist in Faridabad at Translational Health Science and Technology Institute and All India Institute of Medical Science(AIMS), New Delhi have developed a rapid test for the detection of tuberculosis in lungs and other surrounding membranes. Unlike the prior test use antibiotics for detection of bacterial protein in sputum samples, this test uses Aptamer Linked Immobilized Sorbent Assay(ALISA) and Electrochemical Sensor(ECS) for detection of bacterial protein in sputum samples.
A landslide Warning System in Sikkim, Darjeeling
A real-time landslide warning system developed by scientists at Amrita University and Sikkim State Disaster Management in Kerala. The warning system has 200 sensors that can measure geophysical and physiological parameters such as rainfall, pore pressure, seismic activities.
Gene editing for Banana Genome
The researchers at National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute, Mohali invent a technique of gene editing for bananas. This is the first time when such type such type of invention happens in the agriculture sector. Banana is the fourth most important food crop in India after wheat, rice, corn according to the gross value of production. This could be deployed for the improvement of nutrition quality in bananas, agronomical important symptoms and for pathogen resistance in bananas.
A technique to control Plaster of Paris(PoP) pollution
At Pune based Natioall Chemical Laboratory(CSIR-NCL), researchers have developed a technique to recycle Plaster Of Paris from hospitals in an eco-friendly way. The technique sterilize the waste and converts iwasteso useful products like ammonium sulfate, calcium carbonate. It is also used to disassociate PoP from statues sink in water.
Arsenic in Punjab Groundwater
According to a new study done by the TERI, school of advanced studies in New Delhi found arsenic in Punjab’s groundwater. Earlier West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Assam, Manipur, and Chhattisgarh had also suffered from arsenic contamination. According to this study, the arsenic level was found higher than WHO prescribe limit(Which less than 20 to 50)in some wells.
Discoveries to tackle Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya
A team of scientists at National Brain Research center(NBRC) of Manesar has figured out cellular and molecular mechanism that zika virus. The virus causes microcephaly or small head size in babies which effects proliferation rates of human neural stem cells and promotes premature but faulty neuron formation. Another study conduct by scientists at Regional Centre for Biotechnology in Faridabad has identified a key protein which helps dengue viruses replication inside the human body by inhibiting antiviral cytokines. The research could pave the way for the development of targeted drugs for dengue. A group for researchers at Amity University in Noida, Jamia, Millia, Islamia University, Delhi and Maharishi Dayanand University has developed a biosensor using molybdenum disulfide nanosheets for detecting Chikungunya.